Sunday, 27 March 2016

The Mozarty Party World Peace and Global Prosperity Tour

Welcome to this ethereal little theatre for a brief introduction to the forthcoming Mozarty Party World Peace and Global Prosperity Tour.

Most performances on the tour ahead will be introduced, in several languages, either by the Count of Casatico himself, Baldassare Castiglione, or by one of his mortal or ethereal associates.  You may even audition to become a mortal associate yourself, if already suitably accomplished.

The well-known portrait of this courtly gentleman was painted just over five hundred years ago (c. 1514-1515).  It is almost certainly the work of Raphael (1483-1520), though there is no documentary evidence to prove the fact.  This is why, for the sake of accuracy, the work is described as being attributed to Raphael, even though, in almost every respect, it is known that the portrait was, indeed, painted by Raphael.  Art history relies upon evidence, of course.

Paintings by Raphael are often considered to be as valuable as important philosophical ideas.  This especially applies when those paintings happen to be missing.

How do you value ideas?

How do you value objects?

How do you value experiences?

Through all his personal experiences, and especially his journeys, Signor Castiglione gained an understanding of the necessity for reasonableness.  He also acknowledged the usefulness of perceived confidence when expressing reasonable ideas.  He also understood the necessity for understatement when seeking a successful career.   He was a true philosopher.

What is your acquaintance with philosophy?

What is your acquaintance with the arts?

What is your acquaintance with the sciences?

What is your acquaintance with history?

What is your acquaintance with travel?

What is your acquaintance with politics?

The famous book of Signor Castiglione took him twenty years to complete. It was first published in Venice by the Aldine Press in 1528, just a year before his death.

In the previous year, 1527, the Sack of Rome had occurred.  It was obviously a time of much upheaval.  Signor Castiglione was then in Spain as the Apostolic nuncio.

What is your acquaintance with diplomacy?

What is your acquaintance with political conflict?

What is your acquaintance with religious influence?

What is your acquaintance with political influence?

In 1514 or 1515, Raphael, while painting the portrait of his friend, was in the middle of his most famous commission, namely the frescoes in four relatively small rooms of the Apostolic Palace in Rome.

Raphael had many assistants to help him, unlike another commissioned artist.  The latter much preferred working alone on a nearby ceiling.

Do you prefer working in a team or alone?

Have you ever commissioned someone to create something for you or an organisation?

Have you ever been commissioned to create something?

What has been your experience of formal organisations and social institutions?

What has been your experience of education and training?

How do you tell the difference between learning and performance?

How do you find inspiration?

How do you express reason?

What is your system of values?

Why are you interested in the Mozarty Party World Peace and Global Prosperity Tour?

What do you believe to be the main source of your ideas and intentions?

What do you believe to be the nature of the physical universe?

How do you compare your beliefs with those of other people, especially reasonable people?

Have you compared your ideas about the universe with those of Plato?

What do you believe to be the source of your moral integrity?

Have you compared your ideas about morality with those of Aristotle?

For many years since his permanent passing into the ethereal realm of history, Signor Castiglione (1478-1529) has gently encouraged people, especially influential people, to reflect reasonably on matters of etiquette and morality.

How do you usually reflect on matters of etiquette and morality, dear audience member?

What is your acquaintance with the author of The Book of the Courtier (Il Libro del Cortegiano)?

What is your acquaintance with the book itself?

How do you believe audiences of courteous persons are meant to behave?

What is your acquaintance with influence and leadership?

Signor Castiglione was born in 1478 near Mantua in Lombardy, a city known in Italian as Mantova.  He had a humanist education in Milan before returning to Mantua to work for the Gonzaga family.

Signor Castiglione then entered the service of the Duke of Urbino.  This lead him to Rome where he eventually became a diplomat in the service of Pope Clement VII, particularly at the Spanish court of Charles V.

Unfortunately, at the age of fifty, Signor Castiglione died in Toledo in Spain, of plague.  The city of Toledo had, for many years, been a centre of scholarship and interfaith tolerance, much as the International Training Centre for the Harmonious Interplay of Beauty, Understanding and Magnificence is today.

The Mozarty Party puts the theories of enlightened tolerance and enlightened democracy into practice, all around the world, as cheerfully as possible.  The party collects knowledge (but not necessarily donations) from a wide range of individuals and institutions, all around the world.

For example, the most conscientious members of the Mozarty Party try to keep up with the findings of TOLEDO.

Although TOLEDO involves world-renowned research on tolerance and democracy, conducted within in the Department of Government at Uppsala University in Sweden, its website implies that its staff have a reputation for misquoting Voltaire.  Whether anyone on the staff has a reputation for misquoting other authors is therefore open to speculation.

Signor Castiglione is not on the staff of TOLEDO but he does frequently help at at the International Training Centre for the Harmonious Interplay of Beauty, Understanding and Magnificence, both here in Adelaide, Australia and elsewhere in the world.  Raphael does his best to assist as well.

Both gentlemen are also seeking to be of assistance on the Mozarty Party World Peace and Global Prosperity Tour.

Two months ago, in this ethereal theatre itself, the first and only public performance of a new production occurred.  As you may already know, especially if you were here then, the work celebrated two hundred and sixty years of Mozartian and Mozarty musical and political activity in the world.

At around this time last month, the first and only public performance of another new production occurred here.  That work was presented in relation to other public performances.

No two performances or productions are ever quite alike in this ethereal theatre, even when exclusive access is supplied to the private events here.

Lively audience members are likely to contribute something worthwhile to artistic events in most locations with live performances, depending on the etiquette and morality of the situation.  This particularly applies when the lively audience members are already well informed about history, culture and performance standards.

Thomas Tallis (1505-1585) is obviously of a slightly later generation than the accomplished Signor Castiglione and his equally accomplished friend, Raphael.
Mr Tallis was an English Catholic composer during the short reign of the Protestant child-king Edward VI (r.1547-1553).  The career of Mr Tallis later flourished in the equally dangerous context of Elizabethan England.  As a Catholic, his beliefs were still based on the Vulgate.

Whether you believe in a resurrection or several resurrections or the necessity of insurrections, or not, you may believe in the possibility of a sustainably peaceful and prosperous world.  The Mozarty Party obviously seeks world peace and universal prosperity for everyone, everywhere, regardless of anyone's personal point of view.

Mr Mozart, of course, was brought up as a Catholic himself.

If Ye Love Me is performed here by the Voices of Ascension Chorus & Dennis Keene.  The words for the work are from the New Testament:

John 14:15-17:

If ye love me, keep my commandments.
And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter,
that he may bide with you forever, even the spirit of truth.

But if the words of If Ye Love Me are from the English-language King James Version of the Bible, it would have been impossible for Mr Tallis to have set them to music.  The King James Bible was published long after Mr Tallis died.

It is plausible that the words were from an earlier English-language version, possibly the Tyndale Bible from which the official Great Bible of 1539 was produced.  The New Testament of the Tyndale Bible relied upon the earlier work of Erasmus.

Mr Tallis possibly set the text in English to save his career, and perhaps even life, in a tense, Protestant-dominant situation.

William Tyndale was born in Gloucestershire in England sometime between 1484 and 1496.  He was executed for his Protestant beliefs in 1536, not far from Brussels in the Duchy of Brabant.

Killing people is the height of hypocrisy.

If Ye Love Me by Mr Tallis was first published in 1560 though the work had been performed during the earlier time of Edward.  Also published in 1560 was the newly completed Geneva Bible, which would soon have a profound influence on English literature, and on politics.

The English-language version of Signor Castiglione's work The Book of the Courtier had a profound influence at the court of the first English Queen Elizabeth.

Elizabeth reigned from 1558 to 1603.   

The Book of the Courtier was first published in an English-language edition in 1561, translated by Thomas Hoby.  Elizabeth was then about twenty-eight years of age.

The influence of The Book of the Courtier continued into the European Enlightenment, and especially into international diplomacy.  Its influence even continues to this day amongst the well-informed advocates of world peace, global prosperity, enlightened democracy and reasonable tolerance.

Signor Castiglione had observed that consistency, integrity and decisiveness were necessary in all matters involving politics and diplomacy.  He also knew that fair agreements were the basis of peace.  He also knew that hypocrisy came in many guises.

His book was deeply influenced by the enlightened cultural leadership he observed in early life.  Much of that leaderships was provided by educated women, most notably Isabella d'Este and her sister-in-law, Elisabetta Gonzaga.

Such matters are frequently discussed here in Villa Twaklinilkawt with a similar level of dignity.  They are also discussed elsewhere from time to time.

The Mozartian era of sprezzatura only began in the latter half of the 18th century though some of its influences originated long before the time of Tallis, Castiglione and Raphael.

By the 18th century, irony and sprezzatura had become firmly established in European diplomatic history, along with hypocrisy and complacency.

It is very well known that no-one else has ever expressed musical sprezzatura to the same extent as Mr Mozart.  Indeed, much of Mr Mozart's music was written for diplomatic purposes.

Composers are often asked to assist with the preparations for important diplomatic events, such as state weddings, coronations and other religious occasions.  For Mozart, the events were mostly Catholic but sometimes Protestant.

Occasionally, those religious points of view were ignored or intertwined for dramatic purposes.

The Mozarty Party World Peace and Global Prosperity Tour will mainly consist of private performances in the most culturally-appropriate, diplomatic settings.  Should you wish to be involved in the tour, in any way at all, please contact the Villa Twaklinilkawt Communications Team.

Before providing your enlightened opinion, on any matter at all, and especially before performing at the initial audition, your accurate examination of every relevant context should occur - in the relevant context of the juxtaposition of all relevant contexts.

To assist you, here is another performance of If Ye Love Me by Thomas Tallis, from 2010: